Publications scientifiques



Perrette, G., Delagrange, S., Ramirez, J.A. and Messier, C. 2021. Optimizing reduction pruning under electrical lines: the influence of tree vitality before pruning on traumatic responses. Urban forestry and urban greening. 127139.

Ramirez, J., Vitali, V., Martinez-Vilalta, J., Handa, T. and Messier, C. 2021. Reserve accumulation is prioritized over growth following single or combined injuries in three common North American urban tree species. Plant science – Plant abiotic stress.

Belluau, M., Vitali, V., Parker, W.C., Paquette, A. and Messier, C. 2021. Overyielding in young tree communities does not support the stress‐gradient hypothesis and is favoured by functional diversity and higher water availability. Journal of Ecology.

Francoeur, X.W., Dagenais, D., Paquette, A., Dupras, J. and Messier, C. 2021. Complexifying the urban lawn improves heat mitigation and arthropod biodiversity. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. p.127007


Perrette, G., Delagrange, S., and Messier, C. 2020. Optimizing reduction pruning of trees under electrical lines: the influence of intensity and season of pruning on epicormic branch growth and wound compartmentalization. Arboriculture and Urban Forestry. 46(6):432-449

Großmann, J., Pyttel, P., Messier, C. et Bauhus, J. 2020. The benefits of tree wounds: Microhabitat development in urban trees as affected by intensive tree maintenance. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 55, 126817.


Archambault, C., Paquette, A., Messier, C., Khlifa, R., Munson, A.D. and Handa, I.T. 2019. Evergreenness influences fine root growth more than tree diversity in a common garden experiment. Oecologia. pp.1-13.

Lecigne, B., Messier, C. and Delagrange, S. 2019. Determinants of delayed traumatic tree reiteration growth: levels of branch growth control and insights for urban tree management, modeling and future research. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening. 47:126541.

Martin‐Guay, M.O., Paquette, A., Reich, P.B. and Messier, C. 2019. Implications of contrasted above‐and below‐ground biomass responses in a diversity experiment with trees. Journal of Ecology.

Taugourdeau, O., Delagrange, S., Lecigne, B., Sousa-Silva, R and Messier, C. 2019. Sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) shoot architecture reveals coordinated ontogenetic changes between shoot specialization and branching pattern. Trees. 1-11.

Vitali, V., Ramirez, J.A., Perrette, G., Delagrange, S., Paquette, A. and Messier, C. 2019. Complexity of annual above- and below-ground growth of urban tree species in response to root, stem and foliage damage– an experimental approach. Frontiers in Plant Science-Functional Plant Ecology. 10 (1100)


Ramirez, J.A., Handa, I.T., Posada, J.M., Delagrange, S., Messier, C. 2018. Carbohydrate dynamics in roots, stems, and branches after maintenance pruning in two common urban tree species of North America. Urban Forestry and Urban greening. 30:24-31.

Lecigne, B., Delagrange, S., Messier, C. 2018. Exploring trees in 3D using terrestrial laser scanner (technical article). Annals of botany. 121(4): 589-601. doi:10.1093/aob/mcx095


St-Denis, A., Kneeshaw, D. Bélanger, N., Simard, S., Laforest-Lapointe, I. and Messier, C. 2017. Species-specific responses to forest soil inoculum in planted trees in an abandoned agricultural field. Applied Soil Ecology. 112: 1-10.

Williams, L.J., Paquette, A., Cavender-Bares, J., Messier, C. and Reich, PB. 2017. Spatial complementarity in tree crowns drives overyielding in species mixtures. Nature Ecology and Evolution. 1: 0063.

Ameztegui, A., Paquette, A., Shipley, B., Heym, M., Messier, C. and Gravel, D. 2017. Shade tolerance and the functional trait: demography relationship in temperate and boreal forests. Functional Ecology. 31(4): 821-830.

Sittaro, F., Paquette, A., Messier, C. and Nock, C.A. 2017. Tree range expansion in eastern North America fails to keep pace with climate warming at northern range limits. Global Change Biology. 23(8): 3292-3301.

Laforest-Lapointe, I., Paquette, A., Messier, C. and Kembel, S.W. 2017. Leaf bacterial diversity mediates plant diversity and ecosystem function relationships. Nature. 546(7656): 145-147.

Jewell, M.D., Shipley, B., Low-Décarie, E., Tobner, C.M., Paquette, A., Messier, C. and Reich, P.B. 2017. Partitioning the effect of composition and diversity of tree communities on leaf litter decomposition and soil respiration. Oikos. 126(7): 959-971.

Lecigne, B., Delagrange, S. and Messier, C. 2017. Exploring trees in three dimensions: VoxR, a novel voxel-based R package dedicated to analysing the complex arrangement of tree crowns. Annals of Botany. doi:10.1093/aob/mcx095


Dupras, J., Patry, C., Tittler, R., Gonzalez, A., Alam, M. and Messier, C. 2016. Management of vegetation under electric distribution lines will affect the supply of multiple ecosystem services. Land Use Policy, 51:66 - 75. doi:10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.11.005

Laforest-Lapointe, I., Messier, C., and Kembel, S. W. 2016. Host species identity, site and time drive temperate tree phyllosphere bacterial community structure. Microbiome. 4(1): 27. doi: 10.1186/s40168-016-0174-1.

Verheyen, K., Vanhellemont, M., Auge, H., Baeten, L., Baraloto, C., Barsoum, N., Bilodeau-Gauthier, S., Bruelheide, H., Castagneyrol, B., Godbold, D., Haase, J., Hector, A., Jactel, H., Koricheva, J., Loreau, M., Mereu, S., Messier, C., Muys, B., Nolet, P., Paquette, A., et al. 2016. Contributions of a global network of tree diversity experiments to sustainable forest plantations. Ambio. 45(1): 29-41.

Alam, M., Olivier, A. and Paquette, A. 2016. Measurements and economics of carbon sequestration in temperate tree-based intercropping systems. International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology. 12(2): 125-136.

Alam, M., Dupras, J. and Messier, C. 2016. A Framework towards a composite indicator for urban ecosystem services. Ecological Indicator. 60: 38-44.

Rasheed, F., and Delagrange, S. 2016. Acclimation of Betula alleghaniensis Britton to moderate soil water deficit: small morphological changes make for important consequences in crown display. Tree physiology. 36(11): 1320-1329.

Peck, V., Quiza, L., Buffet, J-P., Khdhiri, M., Durand, A-A., Paquette, A., Thiffault, N., Messier, C., Beaulieu, N., Guertin, C., Constant, P. 2016. Towards the development of multifunctional molecular indicators combining soil biogeochemical and microbiological variables to predict the ecological integrity of silvicultural practices. Microbial Biotechnology. 9(3): 316-329.

Nguyen, N.H., Williams, L.J., Vincent, J.B., Stefanski, A., Cavender-Bares, J., Messier, C., Paquette, A., Gravel, D., Reich, P.B., Kennedy, PG. 2016. Ectomycorrhizal fungal diversity and saprotrophic fungal diversity are linked to different tree community attributes in a field-based tree experiment. Molecular Ecology. 25(16): 4032-4046.

Tobner, C.M., Paquette, A., Gravel, D., Reich, P.B., Williams, L.J., Messier, C. 2016. Functional identity is the main driver of diversity effects in young tree communities. Ecology Letters. 19(6): 638-647.

Aubin, I., Munson, A.D., Cardou, F., Burton, P.J., Isabel, N. Pedlar, J.H., Paquette, A., Taylor, A.R., Delagrange, S., Kebli, H., Messier, C., Shipley, B., Valladares, F., Kattge, J., Boisvert-Marsh, L. and McKenney, D. 2016. Traits to stay, traits to move: a review of functional traits to assess sensitivity and adaptive capacity of temperate and boreal trees to climate change. Environmental Review. 24(2): 164-186.

Follett, M., Nock, C., Buteau, C. and Messier. C. 2016. Testing a New Approach to Quantify Growth Responses to Pruning Among Three Temperate Tree Species. Arboriculture and Urban Forestry. 42: 133-145.

Nock, C.A., Lecigne, B., Taugourdeau, O., Greene, D.F., Dauzat, J., Delagrange, S. and Messier, C. 2016. Linking ice accretion and crown structure: towards a model of the effect of freezing rain on tree canopies. Annals of botany. 117(7): 1163-1173.

Muhr, J., Messier, C., Delagrange, S., Trumbore, S., Xu, X., Hartmann, H. 2016. How fresh is maple syrup? Sugar maple trees mobilize carbon stored several years previously during early springtime sap‐ascent. New Phytologist. 209(4): 1410-1416.


Ramirez, J. A., Posada, J. M., Handa, I. T., Hoch, G., Vohland, M., Messier, C., Reu, B. 2015. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) predicts non-structural carbohydrate concentrations in different tissue types of a broad range of tree species. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.12391.

Jewell, M.D., Shipley, B., Paquette, A., Messier, C. and Reich, P. 2015. A traits-based test of the home-field advantage of mixed-species tree litter decomposition. Annals of botany. 116(5): 781-788.

Lindenmayer, D., Messier, C., Paquette, A. and Hobbs, R.J. 2015. Managing tree plantations as novel socioecological systems: Australian and North American perspectives. Canadian journal of forest research. 45(10): 1427-1433.

Paine, C.E.T., Amissah, L., Auge, H. et al. 2015. Globally, functional traits are weak predictors of juvenile tree growth and we do not know why. Journal of Ecology. 103(4): 978-989.

Paquette, A., Joly, S. and Messier, C. 2015. Explaining forest productivity using tree functional traits and phylogenetic information: two sides of the same coin over evolutionary scale? Ecology and Evolution. 5(9): 1774-1783.

Rivest, D., Paquette, A., Shipley, B., Reich, P. and Messier, C. 2015. Tree communities rapidly alter soil microbial resistance and resilience to drought. Functional Ecology. 29(4): 570-578.


Nock, C.A., Taugourdeau, O., Work, T.T., Messier, C. and Kneeshaw, D.D. 2014. Urban forests on the front line. Science, 343(6168):249.

Alam, M., Olivier, A., Paquette, A., Dupras, J., Reveret, J.P. and Messier, C. 2014. A general framework for the quantification and valuation of ecosystem services of tree-based intercropping systems. Agroforestry systems. 88(4): 679-691.

Balvanera, P., Siddique, L., Dee, L., Paquette, A., Forest, I., Gonzalez, A., et al. 2014. Linking biodiversity and ecosystem services: Current uncertainties and the necessary next steps. BioScience. 64(1): 1-9.

Delagrance, S., Jauvin, C., Rochon, P. 2014. PypeTree: A tool for reconstructing tree perennial tissues from point clouds. Sensors. 14: 4271-4289.

Bouttier, L., Paquette, A., Messier, C., Rivest, D., Olivier, A. and Cogliastro, A. 2014. Vertical root separation and light interception in a temperate tree-based intercropping system of Eastern Canada. Agroforestry systems. 88(4): 693-706.

Tobner, C.M., Paquette, A., Reich, P., Gravel, D. and Messier, C. 2014. Advancing biodiversity - ecosystem functioning science using high-density tree-based experiments over functional diversity gradients. Oecologia. 174(3): 609-621.

Girard, F., Beaudet, M., Mailly, D. and Messier, C. 2014. Integrating climatic response in competition dependent tree-level growth models for northern hardwoods. Forest Ecology and Management. 323: 138-147.


Nock, C. A., Greene, D.F., Delagrange, S., Follett, M., Fournier, R.A. and Messier, C. 2013. In Situ Quantification of Experimental Ice Accretion on Tree Crowns Using Terrestrial Laser Scanning. PLoS ONE, 8(5):e64865.

Nock, C.A., O. Taugourdeau, S. Delagrange, C. Messier. 2013. Assessing the potential of low-cost 3D cameras for the rapid measurement of plant woody structure. Sensors 13: 16216-16233.

Nock, C.A., A. Paquette, M. Follett, D.J. Nowak and C. Messier. 2013. Effects of urbanization on tree species functional diversity in eastern North America. Ecosystems 16: 1487-1497.

St-Denis, A., Messier, C. and Kneeshaw, D. 2013. Seed size, the only factor positively affecting direct seeding success in an abandoned field in Quebec, Canada. Forests. 4(2): 500-516.

Tobner, C.M., Paquette, A. and Messier, C. 2013. Interspecific coordination and intraspecific plasticity of fine root traits in North American temperate tree species. Frontiers in plant science. 4: 1-11.


Paquette, A., Fontaine, B., Berninger, F., Dubois, K., Lechowicz, M.J., Messier, C., Posada, J.M., Valladares, F. et Brisson, J. 2012. Norway maple displays greater seasonal growth and phenotypic plasticity to light than native sugar maple. Tree Physiology, 32: 1339-1347.

Posada, J.M., Sievanen, R., Messier, C., Perttunen, J., Nikinmaa, E. and Lechowicz, M. 2012. Contributions of leaf photosynthetic capacity, leaf angle and self-shading to the maximization of net photosynthesis in Acer saccharum: a modelling assessment. Annals of Botany. 110(3): 731-741.


Boivin, F., Paquette, A., Racine, P. et Messier, C. 2011. A fast and reliable method for delineation of tree crown outlines for the computation of crown openness values and other crown parameters. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 41:(9) 1827-1835

Paquette, A. et Messier, C. 2011. The effect of biodiversity on tree productivity: From temperate to boreal forests. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 20: 170-180